This course examines the history of the territories and colonies that became Canada. It begins before European-First Nations contact and ends in 1867, at Confederation. Given the extensive time and space covered by this course, we will focus on three questions which have shaped the country Canada is today:
How did North American colonization manage to supplant indigenous societies? How did it compare to processes of colonization elsewhere in the world?
After the fall of New France, why did the British allow the French to retain their own language, religion and culture? How successful was this policy in maintaining peace?
Why did the colonies of British North America agree to form a new country together? Why didn't they join the US, remain as British dependencies or become independent countries in their own right?